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Anhui

Anhui (, ) is a [province] of the [People's Republic of China] . Located in eastern China across the basins of the [Yangtze River] and the [Huaihe River] , it borders [Jiangsu] to the east, [Zhejiang] to the southeast, [Jiangxi] to the south, [Hubei] to the southwest, [Henan] to the northwest, and [Shandong] for a tiny section in the north. The capital of the province is [Hefei] .

The name "Anhui" derives from the names of two cities in south Anhui, [Anqing] and [Huizhou] (now [Huangshan City] ). The abbreviation for Anhui is "Wǎn", because there were historically a State of Wan, a Mount Wan, and a Wan river in the province.

History

The province of Anhui was formed in the seventeenth century. Before then, there was no coherent concept of "Anhui". Northern Anhui was firmly a part of the [North China Plain] in terms of culture, together with modern-day [Henan] province. Central Anhui constituted most of the fertile and densely-populated [Huai He] River watershed. Southern Anhui, along the [Yangtze] , was closer to [Hubei] and southern [Jiangsu] provinces in culture. Finally, the hills of southeastern Anhui formed a unique and distinct cultural sphere of its own. The creation of the province of Anhui has not eroded these distinctions.

During the [Shang Dynasty] ( [sixteenth] to [eleventh century BC] ) most of Anhui was populated by non-Sinitic peoples known collectively as the [Dongyi] . [King Tang of Shang] , the legendary founder of the Shang Dynasty, was said to have put his capital at Bo (亳), in the vicinities of [Bozhou] in modern northern Anhui.

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