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Hong Kong Basic Law

The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China , or simply Hong Kong Basic Law , serves as the [constitution] al document of the [Hong Kong] [Special Administrative Region] (HKSAR) of the [People's Republic of China] (PRC). The leading document in the [law of Hong Kong] , it was adopted on April 4, 1990 by the Seventh [National People's Congress] (NPC) of the People's Republic of China, and went into effect on July 1, 1997 (replacing the [Letters Patent] and the [Royal Instructions] ) when this former colony of [United Kingdom] was [handed over] to the PRC.

The Basic Law was drafted in accordance with the [Sino-British Joint Declaration on the Question of Hong Kong] (The Joint Declaration), signed between the Chinese and British governments on December 19, 1984. The Basic Law stipulates the basic policies of the PRC towards the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. As agreed between the PRC and the [United Kingdom] in the Joint Declaration, in accordance with the " [One Country, Two Systems] " principle, [socialism] as practised in the PRC would not be extended to Hong Kong. Instead, Hong Kong would continue its previous [capitalist] system and its way of life for a period of 50 years after 1997. A number of freedoms and rights of the Hong Kong residents are also protected under the Basic Law.

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