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In 936, the [Later Jin Dynasty] (936-947) of northern China ceded a large part of its northern frontier, including modern Beijing, to the [Khitan] [Liao Dynasty] . In 938, the [Liao Dynasty] set up a secondary capital in what is now Beijing, and called it Nanjing (the "Southern Capital"). In 1125, the [Jurchen] [Jin Dynasty] conquered Liao, and in 1153 moved its capital to Liao's Nanjing, calling it Zhongdu (中都), the "central capital." Zhongdu was situated in what is now the area centered around Tianningsi, slightly to the southwest of central Beijing. Some of the oldest existing relics in Beijing, such as the [Tianning Temple] , date to the Liao.

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