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Chongqing

Chongqing (; [Postal map spelling] : Chungking ; [Wade-Giles] : Ch'ung-ch'ing ) is a major city in central-western China. Administratively, it is one of the [People's Republic of China] 's four [provincial] -level [municipalities] , and the only such municipality in western China. The municipality was created on 14 March 1997, succeeding the [sub-provincial city] administration that was part of [Sichuan] Province. The municipality of Chongqing has a registered population of 31,442,300 as of 2005. The boundaries of Chongqing municipality reach much farther into the city's hinterland than the boundaries of the other three provincial level municipalities ( [Beijing] , [Shanghai] and [Tianjin] ), and much of its administrative area, which spans over 80 000 km², is rural. It has jurisdiction over 19 districts, 17 counties, and four autonomous counties. The population of the urban area of Chongqing proper was 5.09 million (2000).

The municipal abbreviation, Yú ,, was approved by the [State Council] on 18 April 1997. Chongqing was also a municipality of the [Republic of China] administration, serving as its wartime capital during the [Second Sino-Japanese War] . Its abbreviated name is derived from the old name of a part of the [Jialing River] that runs through Chongqing and feeds the [Yangtze River] .

History
Chongqing is said to be the semi-mythical [State of Ba] that the [Ba people] supposedly established during the eleventh century BCE. By 316 BCE, however, it had been overrun by the [State of Qin] . The Qin emperor ordered a new city to be constructed, which was called Jiang (江州) and Chu Prefecture (楚州).

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