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Columbia Graphophone Company

The Columbia Graphophone Company was one of the earliest [gramophone] companies in the [United Kingdom] . Under [EMI] , as 'Columbia Records', it became a very successful label in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1972, it was renamed [EMI Records] to avoid confusion with the American [Columbia Records] .

Early history

In 1922, [Columbia Phonograph] , as it was then known, sold its UK subsidiary Columbia Graphophone . However, in 1925 Columbia Graphophone bought its former parent for $2.5 million. In 1926 [Odeon Records] and [Parlophone Records] were acquired. On April 21, 1931, the [Gramophone Company] and the Columbia Graphophone Company merged and formed a new company Electric and Musical Industries ( [EMI] ). American anti-trust laws forced EMI to sell its American Columbia operations.

As an EMI label

EMI continued to operate the Columbia record label in the UK until the early 1970s, and everywhere else except for the US, Canada, Spain and Japan, until it sold its remaining interest in the Columbia trade mark to [Sony Music Entertainment] in 1990.

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