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Demographics of the People's Republic of China

The demographics of the People's Republic of China are characterized by a large [population] with a relatively small youth [cohort] , which is partially a result of the [People's Republic of China] 's [one-child policy] . The population policies implemented in China since 1979 have helped to prevent an extra 400 million births. Others believe this figure is greatly exaggerated and that the true impact is closer to 50–60 million.

Today, China's population is over 1.3 billion, the [largest in the world] . China plans to conduct its sixth national population census in 2010.

History
Census
The People's Republic of China conducted censuses in 1953, 1964, and 1982. In 1987 the government announced that the fourth national census would take place in 1990 and that there would be one every ten years thereafter. The 1982 census, which reported a total population of 1,008,180,738, is generally accepted as significantly more reliable, accurate, and thorough than the previous two. Various international organizations eagerly assisted the Chinese in conducting the 1982 census, including the [United Nations Fund for Population Activities] , which donated US$15.6 million for the preparation and execution of the census.

China has been the world's most populous nation for many centuries. When China took its first post-1949 [census] in 1953, the population stood at 582 million; by the fifth census in 2000, the population had more than doubled, reaching 1.2 billion.

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