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Euclid /ˈjuˑklɪd/ YOO-klid ( Eukleidēs ), [fl.] 300 BC, also known as Euclid of Alexandria , was a [Greek mathematician] , often referred to as the "Father of Geometry." He was active in [Alexandria] during the reign of [Ptolemy I] (323–283 BC). His [''Elements''] is one of the most influential works in the [history of mathematics] , serving as the main [textbook] for teaching [mathematics] (especially [geometry] ) from the time of its publication until the late 19th or early 20th century. In it, the principles of what is now called [Euclidean geometry] were deduced from a small set of [axiom] s. Euclid also wrote works on [perspective] , [conic section] s, [spherical geometry] , [number theory] and [rigor] .

"Euclid" is the anglicized version of the [Greek] name , meaning "Good Glory".


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