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Guangxi

This article is about a region of China. For the sociological concept, see [Guānxi] .


Guangxi (or Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region ; ) is a [Zhuang] [autonomous region] of the [People's Republic of China] .

Its location in southern China, along its border with [Vietnam] , and mountainous terrain, has made it one of the border frontiers of Chinese civilization. Even into the 20th century it was considered an open, wild territory. The current name "Guang" itself means "expanse", and has been associated with the region since the creation of Guang Prefecture in 226 AD. It was given provincial level status during the [Yuan Dynasty] and in 1949 was reformed as one of China's five minority autonomous regions.

The abbreviation of the province is 桂 (Gui), which comes from the city of [Guilin] , the former capital, center of much of Guangxi's culture, politics, and history, and currently a major city in the autonomous region.

History
Part of the region officially became part of China in 214 BC, when the army of the [Qin Dynasty] claimed most of southern China. The name "Guangxi" can be traced to the [Song Dynasty] , which administered the area as a [circuit] called the [Guangnanxi Circuit] (literally "Guang-South West Circuit"). During the late [Mongol] [Yuan Dynasty] the name was revived again to name a province in the region, but it was shortened to "Guangxi", or "Guang-West". For the next six centuries, Guangxi was a province of China, until its conversion into an autonomous region by the People's Republic of China because of its large minority population.

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