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(; also spelled Kweichow ) is a [province] of the [People's Republic of China] located in the [southwestern part] of the country. Its provincial capital city is [Guiyang] .

Guizhou was under Chinese control during the [Han Dynasty] and well known by the Chinese for thousands of years but it was not until the [Ming dynasty] that it came under heavy Chinese settlement and domination during which it was made a province. This prompted mass migration from [Sichuan] , [Hunan] and its surrounding provinces into Guizhou.

Countless rebellions by its native [Miao] people occurred throughout the [Qing dynasty] . It was said in the Qing dynasty that every thirty years there would be minor revolts, while every sixty years there would be major rebellions. All the revolts would be violently suppressed by the government.

Bouyei minority Shitou village, west Guizhou (near Longgong caves), China.
Guizhou adjoins [Sichuan] Province and [Chongqing Municipality] to the north, [Yunnan] Province to the west, [Guangxi] Province to the south and [Hunan] Province to the east. Overall Guizhou is a mountainous province however it is more hilly in the west while the eastern and southern portions are relatively flat. The western part of the province forms part of the [Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau] .

Other cities include: [Anshun] , [Kaili] , [Zunyi] , Duyun, Liupanshui and [Qingzhen] .

Guizhou has a subtropical humid climate. There are few seasonal changes. Its annual average temperature is roughly 10 to 20 [°C] , with January temperatures ranging from 1 to 10°C and July temperatures ranging from 17 to 28 °C.


The politics of Guizhou is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in [mainland China] .

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