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International Congress of Mathematicians

The International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) is the largest conference for the topic of [mathematics] . It meets once every four years, hosted by the [International Mathematical Union] (IMU).
The [Fields Medal] s, the [Nevanlinna Prize] , and the [Gauss Prize] are awarded during the congress' opening ceremony. Each congress is memorialized by a printed learned [Proceedings] recording academic papers based on invited talks intended to be relevant to current topics of general interest.

History

[Felix Klein] and [Georg Cantor] are credited with putting forward the idea of an international congress of mathematicians in 1890s. At the 1893 World Congress in Chicago, Klein delivered a speech which included a call "Mathematicians of the world, unite!" A. Jonh Coleman. ["Mathematics without borders": a book review] . CMS Notes, vol 31, no. 3, April 1999, pp. 3-5 The first International Congress of Mathematicians was held in Zurich in August 1897. The organizers included such prominent mathematicians as [Luigi Cremona] , [Felix Klein] , [Gösta Mittag-Leffler] , [Andrey Markov] , and others. The congress was attended by 208 mathematicians from 16 countries, including 12 from Russia and 7 from the U.S.A.

During the 1900 congress in [Paris] , [France] , [David Hilbert] announced his famous list of [23 unsolved mathematical problems] , now termed [Hilbert's problems] .

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