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Macau Security Force

The Macau Security Force is the [police force] of [Macau] . On December 20, 1999, the various [police] force branches of Macau (Security Forces of Macau and Judiciary Police), under the jurisdiction of Security and Justice departments (except the customs police, who were reassigned to the Financial Service Department) were merged into a single force, the For├žas de Seguran├ža de Macau (FSM, Macau Security Force), under the supervision of the secretary of security (security department). At the time of the handover of Macau to the [People's Republic of China] , plans were in place to modernize the police force with the goal of better positioning the force to combat [organized crime] and to stop [illegal immigration] .

Organized Crime

Increasing crime in the 1990s was attributed to organized crime organizations ( [triads] ). One major organization, the [14K Triad] , was reported in the mid-1990s to have had a complex and secretive financial and communications network and some 10,000 members. The [gambling] industry is the major focus of organized crime in Macau. When the 14K Triad's attempt to ally with other triads failed in 1996, gangland violence broke out.

Crime boss [Wan Kuok-koi] , aka Broken Tooth Koi, was arrested in 1999 for illegal gambling, loan-sharking, criminal association, and the attempted murder of the chief of police.

With the integration of Macau into the PRC, greater attention has been paid to internal security matters, and the [Guangdong] Province [Public Security Bureau] and Macau Security Force began cooperating in a crackdown on organized crime. Within Macau, an organized crime team, comprising personnel from the Security Department and the Justice Department, work on the crackdown on and prosecution of major crime cases. Chief Executive [Edmund Ho Hau-wah] has declared his commitment to "exhaust all possible legal means to smash criminal gangs."

Organization

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