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Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg (, ) is a [city] and a [federal subject] (a [federal city] ) of [Russia] located on the [Neva River] at the head of the [Gulf of Finland] on the [Baltic Sea] . The city's other names were Petrograd (, 1914–1924) and Leningrad (, 1924–1991). It is often called just Petersburg , and is informally known as Piter ( ).

Founded by [Tsar] [Peter I of Russia] on May 27, 1703, it was the capital of the [Russian Empire] for more than two hundred years (1713–1728, 1732–1918). Saint Petersburg ceased being the capital in 1918 after the [Russian Revolution of 1917] . It is Russia's second largest city after [Moscow] with 4.6 million inhabitants, and fourth in [Europe] after [Istanbul] , [London] and Moscow. Saint Petersburg is a major European cultural centre, and an important Russian [port on the Baltic Sea] .

Saint Petersburg is often described as the most Western city of Russia. Among cities of the world with over one million people, Saint Petersburg is the northernmost. The [Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments] constitute a [UNESCO World Heritage Site] . Saint Petersburg is also home to [The Hermitage] , the largest [art museum] in the world. Russia's political and cultural centre for 200 years, the city is sometimes referred to in Russia as the Northern Capital . Over its history it has also been referenced as "the Venice of the north" and the "northern Palmira". A large number of [foreign consulates] , [international corporations] , banks and other businesses are located in Saint Petersburg.


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