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List of special entities recognized by international treaty or agreement

A number of geographical political entities have a special position recognized by international treaty or agreement ( [Andorra] , [Ă…land] in [Finland] , [Monaco] , [Svalbard] in [Norway] , [Kosovo] in [Serbia] , the [Vatican City State] , the [Occupied Palestinian Territories] , as well as the [special administrative regions] of [Hong Kong] and [Macau] in the [People's Republic of China] ) and many other territories and states.

Entities on the list
Andorra could until [1993] be considered de facto to have been under dual [French] and [Spanish] rule due to the lack of clear division of powers while it was ruled by a Spanish bishop and the French president, according to a treaty. In [1278] , the conflict between the French Count and the Catalan bishop was resolved by the signing of a pareage ( pariatges ), which provided that Andorra's sovereignty be shared between the Count of Foix and the [Bishop] of [La Seu d'Urgell] ( [Catalonia] , [Spain] ). The pareage, a feudal institution recognizing the principle of equality of rights shared by two rulers, gave the small state its territory and political form.
Today Andorra is a [co-principality] with the [President of France] and the [Bishop of Urgell] , [Spain] as [co-princes] , in a [diarchy] or [duumvirate] .

[People's Republic of China]
- [Hong Kong] : special administrative region; after the [Sino-British Joint Declaration on the Question of Hong Kong] was signed on December 19, 1984, the People's Republic of China resumed sovereignty of Hong Kong on July 1, 1997. It is now autonomous and self-governing entity as per the [Basic Law of Hong Kong] .

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