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North Korea

North Korea , officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea ( DPRK ) ( [Hangul] : 조선민주주의인민공화국, Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk), is a [state] in [East Asia] , occupying the northern half of the [Korean Peninsula] . Its capital and largest city is [Pyongyang] . The [Korean Demilitarized Zone] serves as the buffer area between North Korea and [South Korea] . The [Amnok River] and the [Tumen River] form the border between North Korea and [People's Republic of China] . A section of the Tumen River in the extreme north-east is the border with [Russia] .

The peninsula was governed by the [Korean Empire] until it was annexed by [Japan] following the [Russo-Japanese War] of 1905. It was [divided] into Soviet and American occupied zones in 1945, following the end of [World War II] . North Korea refused to participate in a [United Nations] –supervised election held in the south in 1948, which led to the creation of separate Korean governments for the two occupation zones. Both North and South Korea claimed sovereignty over the peninsula as a whole, which led to the [Korean War] of 1950. A 1953 armistice ended the fighting; however, the two countries are officially still at war with each other, as a peace treaty was never signed. Both states were accepted into the [United Nations] in 1991. On May 26, 2009, North Korea unilaterally withdrew from the armistice.

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