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Peripatetic school

''Aristotle's School'', a painting from the 1880s by Gustav Adolph Spangenberg

The Peripatetics were members of a school of philosophy in [ancient Greece] . Their teachings derived from their founder, the [Greek philosopher] , [Aristotle] , and Peripatetic , is a name given to his followers. The name refers to the act of [walking] , and as an adjective, "peripatetic" is often used to mean itinerant, wandering, meandering, or walking about. The school derives its name from the peripatoi ( περίπατοι " [colonnades] ") of the [Lyceum] gymnasium in [Athens] where the members met, although a later legend claimed that the name came from Aristotle's alleged habit of walking while lecturing.

The school dates from around 335 BC when Aristotle began teaching in the Lyceum. It was an informal institution whose members conducted philosophical and scientific inquiries. Aristotle's successors [Theophrastus] and [Strato] continued the tradition of exploring philosophical and scientific theories, but after the middle of the 3rd century BC, the school fell into a decline, and it was not until the [Roman era] that there was a revival. Later members of the school concentrated on preserving and [commentating on Aristotle's works] rather than extending them, and the school eventually died out in the 3rd century AD.

Although the school died out, the study of Aristotle's works continued by scholars who were called Peripatetics through Later Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance. After the [fall of the Roman empire] , the works of the Peripatetic school were lost to the west, but in the east they were incorporated into [early Islamic philosophy] , which would play a large part in the revival of Aristotle's doctrines in [Europe] in the [Middle Ages] and the [Renaissance] .

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