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Politics of Hong Kong

Politics of [Hong Kong] takes place in a framework of a political system dominated by its constitutional document, the [Basic Law of Hong Kong] , its [own legislature] , the [Chief Executive] as the [head of government] , and of a [multi-party system] . [Executive power] is exercised by the government.

On 1 July 1997, [sovereignty of Hong Kong was transferred] to the [People's Republic of China] (PRC), ending over a one and half century of [British] rule. Hong Kong became a [Special Administrative Region] (SAR) of the PRC with a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign affairs and defence, which are responsibilities of the PRC government. According to the [Sino-British Joint Declaration] (1984) and the [Basic Law] , Hong Kong will retain its political, economic, and judicial systems and unique way of life and continue to participate in international agreements and organisations as a dependent territory for at least 50 years after retrocession. For instance, the [International Olympic Committee] recognises Hong Kong as a participating dependency under the name, "Hong Kong, China", separate from the delegation from the [People's Republic of China] .


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