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Single-party state

A single-party state , one-party system or single-party system is a type of [party system] [government] in which a single [political party] forms the government and no other parties are permitted to run candidates for [election] . Sometimes the term de facto single-party state is used to describe a [dominant-party system] where laws or practices prevent the opposition from legally getting power. Some single party states only outlaw opposition parties, while allowing subordinate allied parties to exist as part of a permanent [coalition] such as a [popular front] . Within their own countries, dominant parties ruling over single-party states are often referred to simply as the Party . For example, in reference to the [Soviet Union] , the Party meant the [Communist Party of the Soviet Union] ; in reference to the former [People's Republic of Poland] it referred to the [Polish United Workers' Party] .

A one-party system should not be confused with a [non-partisan democracy] which prohibits all political parties. Also, some one-party states may allow non-party members to run for legislative seats, as was the case with [Taiwan's] [Tangwai] movement in the 1970s and 1980s.

In most cases, single-party states have arisen from [Leninist] , [fascist] or [nationalist] ideologies, particularly in the wake of independence from [colonial rule] . One-party systems often arise from decolonization because one party has had an overwhelmingly dominant role in liberation or in independence struggles.

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