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South China Sea

The South China Sea is a [marginal sea]

- south of [China] and [Taiwan] ,
- west of the [Philippines] ,
- north west of Sabah ( [Malaysia] ), Sarawak (Malaysia) and [Brunei] ,
- north of [Indonesia] ,
- north east of the Malay peninsula (Malaysia) and [Singapore] , and
- east of [Vietnam] .

It is a part of the [Pacific Ocean] , encompassing an area from [Singapore] to the [Strait of Taiwan] of around 3,500,000 km². It is one of the largest sea bodies after the five [oceans] . The minute [South China Sea Islands] , collectively an [archipelago] , number in the hundreds. The sea and its mostly uninhabited islands are subject to competing claims of sovereignty by several countries. These claims are also reflected in the variety of names used for the islands and the sea.

Names for the sea
Sunset on the South China Sea off Mui Ne village on the south-east coast of Vietnam
South China Sea is the dominant term used in [English] for the sea, and the name in most European languages is equivalent, but it is sometimes called by different names in neighboring countries, often reflecting historical claims to hegemony over the sea.

The English name is a result of early European interest in the sea as a route from [Europe] and [South Asia] to the trading opportunities of [China] . In the sixteenth century [Portuguese] sailors called it the China Sea ( Mar da China ); later needs to differentiate it from nearby bodies of water led to calling it the South China Sea.Tønnesson, Stein (2005). Locating the South China Sea. In Kratoska, Paul et al., eds. Locating Southeast Asia: geographies of knowledge and politics of space . Singapore: Singapore University Press. p. 203-233.

The [International Hydrographic Organization] refers to the sea as "South China Sea (Nan Hai)".

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