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Tiananmen Square protests of 1989

The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 , referred to in much of the world as the Tiananmen Square massacre and in the People's Republic of China (PRC) as the June Fourth Incident (officially to avoid confusion with two prior [Tiananmen Square protests] ), were a series of demonstrations in and near [Tiananmen Square] in Beijing in the PRC beginning on 14 April 1989. Led mainly by students and intellectuals, the protests occurred in a year that saw the [collapse of a number of communist governments] around the world.

The protests were sparked by the death of a pro- [democracy] and anti- [corruption] official, [Hu Yaobang] , whom protesters wanted to mourn. By the eve of Hu's funeral, 100,000 people had gathered at Tiananmen square. The protests lacked a unified cause or leadership; participants included disillusioned [Communist Party of China] members and [Trotskyists] as well as [free market] reformers, who were generally against the government's [authoritarianism] and voiced calls for economic change and democratic reform within the structure of the government. The demonstrations centered in Tiananmen Square to begin with but then later in the streets around the square, in Beijing, but large-scale protests also occurred in cities throughout China, including Shanghai, which remained peaceful throughout the protests.

The movement lasted seven weeks, from Hu's death on 15 April. The number of deaths is not known. There is no video footage or evidence of any kind showing violence in the square itself. All video evidence shows violence in the streets around the square.

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