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Trotskyism is the theory of [Marxism] as advocated by [Leon Trotsky] . Trotsky considered himself an [orthodox Marxist] and [Bolshevik] - [Leninist] , arguing for the establishment of a [vanguard party] . His politics differed sharply from [Stalinism] , most prominently in opposing [socialism in one country] , which he argued was a break with [proletarian internationalism] , and in his belief in an authentic [dictatorship of the proletariat] based on [democratic] principles, rather than an unaccountable bureaucracy.

Trotsky's followers maintain that, together with Lenin, Trotsky was co-leader of the [Russian Revolution] and the international [Communist] movement in 1917 and the following years. Today, numerous groups around the world continue to describe themselves as Trotskyist, although they have developed Trotsky's ideas in different ways. In the English language, an advocate of Trotsky's ideas is usually called a "Trotskyist" or, [pejoratively] , a "Trotskyite" or "Trot".


American communist organizer [James P. Cannon] in his 1942 book [History of American Trotskyism] wrote that "Trotskyism is not a new movement, a new doctrine, but the restoration, the revival of genuine Marxism as it was expounded and practiced in the Russian revolution and in the early days of the Communist International." However, Trotskyism can be distinguished from other Marxist theories by four key elements.

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