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Federal subjects of Russia

[Russia] is a [federation] which, as of March 1, 2008, consists of 83 federal subjects (members of the Federation).Constitution, Article 65 In 1993, when the [Constitution] was adopted, there were 89 federal subjects listed. By 2008 the number of federal subjects went down to 83 due to [mergers] .

The federal subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the [Federation Council] ( [upper house] of the [Federal Assembly] ). They do, however, differ in the degree of [autonomy] they enjoy.

Each federal subject belongs to one of the following types:
List of federal subjects
The subjects have both numerical codes and two- or three-letter codes. The numerical codes span from 01 to 92, although nine of them are no longer in use after mergers.

Starting in 2005, some of the federal subjects were merged into larger territories. The merging process was finished on March 1, 2008. No new mergers have been planned since March 2008.
Further proposals for mergers
The following merger proposals have been made in the recent years; most have since become inactive.

See also
- [Subdivisions of Russia]
- [Federal districts of Russia]
- [Economic regions of Russia]
- [History of the administrative division of Russia]
- [Flags of the federal subjects of Russia]
- [List of heads of federal subjects of Russia]
- [List of Russian federal subjects by GRP]


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