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A pattern , from the [French] patron , is a type of theme of recurring events or objects, sometimes referred to as elements of a [set] . These elements repeat in a predictable manner. It can be a template or model which can be used to generate things or parts of a thing, especially if the things that are created have enough in common for the underlying pattern to be inferred, in which case the things are said to exhibit the unique pattern. [Pattern matching] is the act of checking for the presence of the constituents of a pattern, where as the detecting for underlying patterns is referred to as [pattern recognition] . The question of how a pattern emerges is accomplished through the work of the scientific field of [pattern formation] .

The most basic patterns are based on repetition and periodicity. A single template, or cell, is combined with duplicates without change or modification. For example, simple harmonic oscillators produce repeated patterns of movement.

Pattern recognition is more complex when templates are used to generate variants. For example, in English, sentences often follow the "N-VP" (noun - verb phrase) pattern, but some knowledge of the [English language] is required to detect the pattern. Computer science, ethology, and psychology are fields which study patterns.

:"A pattern has an integrity independent of the medium by virtue of which you have received the information that it exists. Each of the chemical elements is a pattern integrity. Each individual is a pattern integrity. The pattern integrity of the human individual is evolutionary and not static."
:: [R. Buckminster Fuller] (1895-1983), U.S.American philosopher and inventor, in (1975), [Pattern Integrity 505.201]

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