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Philosophy

Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. It is distinguished from other ways of addressing fundamental questions (such as [mysticism] , myth, or the arts) by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on [rational argument] . The word "Philosophy" comes from the [Greek] φιλοσοφία [philosophia], which literally means "love of wisdom".

Branches of philosophy
The following branches are the main areas of study:

- [Metaphysics] is the study of the nature of being and the world. Traditional branches are [cosmology] and [ontology] .
- [Epistemology] is concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge, and whether knowledge is possible. Among its central concerns has been the challenge posed by [skepticism] and the relationships between [truth] , [belief] , and [justification] .
- [Ethics] , or 'moral philosophy', is concerned with questions of how persons ought to act or if such questions are answerable. The main branches of ethics are [meta-ethics] , [normative ethics] , and [applied ethics] . [Meta-ethics] concerns the nature of ethical thought, comparison of various ethical systems, whether there are absolute ethical truths, and how such truths could be known. Ethics is also associated with the idea of [morality] . [Plato] 's early dialogues include a search for definitions of virtue.

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