On the Earth, we live, because the sunlight’s angle is different, so in different regions, the amount of heat is very different.
That produces climatic differences between regions. Scientists refer to regions with the same air temperature, precipitation, and natural landscape as the same climate, bringing other regions with the same temperature, climate, rain characteristics, and natural landscape. The same type refers to another type of climate. So that produces different climates.
Typically, people divide the Earth into three climatic zones: tropical, temperate, and tropical. Because the temperate and tropical regions in the Southern and Northern hemispheres are both, there are five climatic zones on Earth.
The tropical climate can be divided into three climates: equatorial climate, tropical climate, and subtropical climate.
Equatorial climate refers to the climate of the equatorial region. It is characterized by high annual temperature, high humidity, sultry, and lots of rain. The annual average temperature of the tropical climate is generally in the range of 25 – 30 ° C, and there is very little variation in temperature in the year. All year, there is a lot of rainfall, on the continent afternoon it is raining and much thunder, in the evening there is a lot of rain and thunder. The annual rainfall is usually from 1000 – 3000 mm, evenly distributed in months. The Congo Basin, the east coast of the Gulf of Gieng in Africa, the Amazon basin in South America, Indonesia, and Asia all belong to the equatorial climate.
Tropical climate: the whole year’s temperature is quite high, four seasons are unknown, but the dry and humid seasons are very clear, the whole year is divided into dry and rainy seasons. The wind is very stormy. India, Myanmar, Cambodia, Vietnam, and China’s Hainan Island are all tropical climates.
Sub-tropical climate: Most of the time of the year is in the high-pressure area of the subtropical region, which controls and operates because of the influence of monsoons, so summers are hot, rainy, winter warm and less rainy. The South of the Yangtze River and the North of the Nam Linh area of China both belong to this climate zone.
Temperate climate: Because of different geographical locations, it can be classified into three types: temperate marine climate, temperate continental climate, and temperate monsoon climate. The sea climate is temperate all year round, with irregular rainfall in four seasons, heavy rainfall, high humidity: UK, Netherlands, etc. Europe belongs to this climatic zone. The continental climate is temperate, hot summer, cold winter, and low annual rainfall focusing on summer: Xinjiang, Gansu, etc. China belongs to this climate zone. Summer temperate monsoon climate is mainly marine monsoon climate, high temperature, heavy rain, cold, dry continental monsoons in winter: the Changjiang River basin returns to Northeast China belongs to this type of climate.
The cold tropical climate is the climate of the polar regions of the Earth, cold. There are two types. The hottest type has an average temperature of 0 – 10 ° C. All year round, ice and snow do not melt, so it is called “the climate of eternity”: the Arctic and most of mainland North America belong to this climate zone.